SÃO PAULO, March 16 Interest rates in Brazil
could drop to record lows as soon as next year if inflation
keeps slowing and Congress passes fiscal austerity measures,
providing relief for a nation struggling to emerge from
recession, some economists said.
While record-low rates are not yet a majority view, an
increasing number of economists have started to consider that
possibility, provided President Michel Temer gets congressional
approval of a pension cost cuts this year to plug a widening
Passage is far from assured, however, since the measure
would set a minimum retirement age for the first time and reduce
payouts in one of the world's most generous pension systems.
Brazil’s benchmark interest rate of 12.25 percent is far
above an all-time low of 7.25 percent set between October 2012
and April 2013.
A weekly central bank survey of more than 100 economists
shows expectations that policymakers will accelerate the pace of
cuts at their next meeting in April and drive rates down to an
average 8.75 percent by the end of 2018.
Itaú Unibanco Holding SA economist Felipe Salles said he
expected interest rates to fall to 8.25 percent by then,
although he did not rule out a drop to as low as 7.25 percent.
With inflation expectations anchored and high unemployment
because of Brazil's harshest recession ever, "the passage of the
pension reform should help rates go to single digits and stay
there for a long time," Salles added.
Some economists already have record-low rates as their
likeliest scenario for 2019 and 2020, according to the weekly
The lowest forecasts for Brazil's benchmark Selic rate are 7
percent for 2019, two percentage points below the consensus
forecast, and 6.50 percent for 2020, versus a consensus view of
8.75 percent, according to the survey.
"We are optimistic about monetary policy," said BNP Paribas
SA economist Gustavo Arruda. "Inflation is reacting well, and we
would not be surprised to see interest rates going below 8
Inflation has fallen rapidly, in part because of the
severity of Brazil's recession.
Price rises have undershot market expectations for seven
straight months, according to Reuters polls. As a result, most
economists expect the government to reduce its inflation target
later this year for the first time in more than a decade.
The approval of new pension laws is a crucial condition for
that scenario, economists say, because it would assuage
investors' fears over a potential debt crisis.
However, workers unions and some lawmakers from Temer's
coalition have demanded changes to the proposal, which Temer
hopes will pass later this year.
"If Congress does not approve (the plan), there will be a
significant reversal in the Selic rate this year," said
economist José Márcio Camargo of asset management firm Opus
Gestão de Recursos. "Reforms are a necessary condition for a
continued drop in interest rates."
(Writing by Silvio Cascione; Editing by Lisa Von Ahn)