| XIONGXIAN, China/BEIJING, April 12
XIONGXIAN, China/BEIJING, April 12 Like many
residents of Xiongxian county, a polluted corner of Hebei
province, 17-year-old Liu Zipeng has been giddy with excitement
since China announced plans this month for a vast new economic
zone backed by President Xi Jinping himself.
"I am so happy - I don't need to move to Beijing or worry
about getting a wife anymore," Liu said with a laugh.
Such are the hopes for the area, about 100 km (60 miles)
southwest of Beijing, that authorities quickly banned property
sales to quash a speculative frenzy.
While China has set high expectations by touting the Xiongan
New Area as a successor to zones in Shenzhen and Shanghai that
helped make China an economic powerhouse, the force of Xi's
endorsement could help it flourish where other new development
areas failed to match the hype.
In a sign of Beijing's intent, Xu Qin, the former mayor and
Communist party boss for Shenzhen, was named acting governor of
Hebei province on Friday, with analysts saying it is
likely he will be tapped to lead development of Xiongan.
Once a sleepy fishing village, Shenzhen, bordering Hong
Kong, became an economic juggernaut after being declared a
special economic zone in 1980.
Details for Xiongan, planned eventually to stretch across
2,000 square kilometres, an area almost as big as Tokyo, remain
sketchy. It is pitched as an environmentally friendly city
housing some of Beijing's relocated "non-capital functions",
with hopes to attract high-tech industries.
Nearly 30 large state enterprises including PetroChina
and China Shipbuilding Industry Corp have expressed
interest, though no specific relocation plans have been
The three counties that make up the area, Xiongxian, Anxin
and Rongcheng, are home to about a million people as well as
wheat fields, light manufacturing and heavy pollution - endemic
in much of Hebei.
But unlike Shenzhen and Shanghai's Pudong, the development
of Xiongan is not expected to be accompanied by major economic
reforms, and its landlocked setting is a transportation
"Natural market forces would probably not have chosen this
place. But if the central government backs it with unlimited
resources, it could become whatever it wants to be," said Steven
McCord, head of research for North China at real estate
consultancy Jones Lang LaSalle.
The plan fits into a broader regional integration push for
the cities of Beijing and Tianjin and Hebei province, dubbed
Jing-Jin-Ji, which has been spearheaded by Xi since 2015 to
tackle the "big city disease" plaguing Beijing, a crowded and
polluted city of 22 million.
But Jing-Jin-Ji's progress has been slower than hoped.
"It's been hard to get traction getting Beijing, Tianjin,
and Hebei to work together seamlessly," McCord said.
Xiongan could be a political and geographical "clean slate"
to generate more jobs and economic stimulus for North China, he
Xi himself visited Anxin county in late February, which only
became public when China announced plans for Xiongan on April 1.
Morgan Stanley's base scenario foresees 133 billion yuan
($19.3 billion) in additional fixed asset investment annually
over 15 years to build Xiongan, equivalent to just 0.24 percent
of China's 56.2 trillion yuan of nationwide fixed asset
investment last year.
While the Shenzhen and Shanghai economic zones thrived, some
similar schemes in China have fallen short of expectations.
Caofeidian, also in Hebei, was promoted by former President
Hu Jintao as a new industrial zone in 2008, but development
foundered as debt accumulated.
Authorities have been trying to give Caofeidian another push
to upgrade its industries to become a driver of Jing-Jin-Ji's
integration, but competition among provinces has been a drag on
"Caofeidian had central government support, but it was a
long way from being a national-level special economic zone. Its
importance was definitely not at the same level that Xiongan is
seeing now," said He Jun, head of macroeconomic research at
"Xiongan's biggest advantage is that it has strong support
from the central government."
He remains doubtful that Xiongan will emulate Shanghai or
Shenzhen due to its geography and the greater openness of
China's economy now, but the political leadership seems intent
on making it succeed.
Among the architects of the new project is Xu Kuangdi, the
mayor of Shanghai in the late 90s who also heads the advisory
committee for Jing-Jin-Ji.
The leadership make-up is intended to ensure Xiongan would
"escape past failures", said Liu Ying, a researcher at Renmin
University's Chong Yang Institute for Financial Studies.
Not everyone in Anxin is cheered by the prospect.
An Anxin restaurant owner in her 50s surnamed Liu said she
checks social media constantly for updates, as she fears being
forced out of the spacious villa built on her farmland.
"I don't think it is necessarily a good thing for me. Our
lives are pretty good right now."
Down a street next to fields of withered wheat, workers
loaded a truck with plastic pipes, a major local industry.
"The establishment of the new zone for sure will limit us
further as we do pollute the environment to some degree," said
Zhao Xiaodong, owner of Jitong Plastic.
But most locals are optimistic.
"If president Xi thinks it will be the next Shenzhen and
Shanghai, then it will be," said Mrs Shi, a shop worker in
($1 = 6.8998 Chinese yuan renminbi)
(Additional reporting by David Stanway; Editing by Tony Munroe
and Will Waterman)