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METALS-Lead hits 16-month high on tighter supply; nickel retreats

* Tin at 20-month high on falling inventories

* Nickle hit by potential Philippines mine closures

* Copper gains 0.5 pct to close at $4,842 (Updates with closing prices)

By Clara Denina

LONDON, Sept 29 Lead climbed on Thursday to its highest since May last year, supported by steadier copper prices and worries over mine supply, while nickel retreated from a seven-week high.

Three-month lead on the London Metal Exchange closed up 3.3 percent at $2,062.50 a tonne. The metal hit $2,070.50 earlier, its strongest since May 2015, extending gains from the previous session, when rising oil prices also lent support.

Global mine shutdowns over the past year and moves by lead producers to curb output in the face of low prices have tightened global supplies of the metal used to make batteries.

"Lead, which had underperformed the other base metals for much of this year, has been catching up in the past couple of months ... with contraction in lead mine supply and refined lead," said Caroline Bain, senior commodities economist at Capital Economics.

On the Shanghai Futures Exchange, the lead contract for November delivery closed up 2.2 percent at 15,005 yuan ($2,250) a tonne.

China's imports of lead ore and concentrate dropped 10 percent in the first eight months of the year.

The metal was supported by a steadier copper price, which closed 0.5 percent higher at $4,842 a tonne. More widely traded copper is usually seen as a benchmark for other metals.

A power outage in South Australia state has halted 300,000 tonnes of annual copper production capacity from BHP Billiton's Olympic Dam and Oz Minerals' Prominent Hill mines.

Elsewhere, three-month tin climbed above $20,000 a tonne for the first time in 20 months and was bid at $20,025 at the close. LME tin inventories have dropped by more than 50 percent over the past four months.

Aluminium closed 0.4 percent higher at $1,671, while zinc was up 1 percent at $2,356.

Nickel bucked the uptrend across the complex, retreating from Tuesday's seven-week top of $10,900 a tonne, when the Philippines said it might suspend 20 more mines for environmental infractions.

The Philippines, the world's biggest nickel ore supplier, has already halted 10 mines, eight of them nickel producers.

Prices closed with a 2.4 percent decline at $10,435.

"For nickel, obviously the market is tightening and obviously these closures will mean that in six to nine months down the road refineries could be struggling to find ore," Capital Economics' Bain said.

"But the bigger picture remains one of really quite high stocks, so physical tightness is the market is still some time off."

Shanghai nickel ended 0.3 percent lower at 81,860 yuan a tonne after touching a seven-week high of 83,610 yuan.

Macquarie said in a note that disruption from the Philippines to the global market could be capped at between 15,000 to 20,000 tonnes of nickel ore, given the upcoming monsoon season which limits mining and shipments. Macquarie sees global nickel supply at 1.9 million tonnes this year.

PRICES

Three month LME copper

Most active ShFE copper

Three month LME aluminium

Most active ShFE aluminium

Three month LME zinc

Most active ShFE zinc

Three month LME lead

Most active ShFE lead

Three month LME nickel

Most active ShFE nickel

Three month LME tin

Most active ShFE tin

($1 = 6.6705 Chinese yuan) (Additional reporting by Manolo Serapio Jr. in Manila; Editing by David Evans and David Goodman)

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