* Stronger rouble reduces costs, supports dollar earnings
* Russian car sales seen growing 4 pct in 2017
* Russia is Europe's 5th biggest car market by sales
By Jack Stubbs and Gleb Stolyarov
MOSCOW, March 30 Foreign carmakers in Russia are
benefiting from a stronger, more stable rouble, which is
reducing their costs and supporting earnings in dollar terms at
a time when the once-booming local market is expected to return
to growth after four tough years.
The companies, including German car group Volkswagen
and Japan's Toyota Motor Corp, were some of
the hardest hit by Russia's economic downturn, in which annual
car sales more than halved from a 2012 peak of almost 3 million
vehicles, and a sharp devaluation of the rouble raised prices
for imported parts and sapped profits.
But Russian car sales are now forecast to grow by 4 percent
in 2017, according to the Association of European Businesses
Five of the world's biggest carmakers operating in Russia,
which had a combined market share of around 38 percent last
year, told Reuters the stronger rouble had improved their
position in the country. This will help them to cope in a
challenging and volatile market once seen overtaking Germany as
Europe's biggest for automobiles.
"The rouble fluctuation is of course difficult in all
directions. When it was shooting up or weakening like hell over
the last few years we had difficulties ... we lost a lot of
money there," Marcus Osegowitsch, head of Volkswagen's Russian
"Now of course the rouble is stronger again and we are
managing. If it stays somewhere between 65 and 67 to the euro,
this is fine for us."
The rouble has gained 8 percent against the dollar and 6
percent against the euro so far this year, supported by higher
oil prices and Russia's nascent economic recovery. Year on year,
the Russian currency is up almost 20 percent against the dollar.
General Motors quit Russia in 2015, partly due to the
rouble devaluation, but industry analysts say those foreign
players who have stuck out the crisis years could soon see their
local operations return to profit.
"Foreign producers who suffered losses over the last two
years now have the opportunity to return to profit thanks to the
stronger rouble," VTB analyst Vladimir Bespalov said. "This
could happen by late 2017 or early 2018."
Ford, which is enjoying an unexpected uptick in sales
in Russia, has already lowered prices on four models produced by
its joint-venture with local partner Sollers due to
the rouble strengthening.
Competitors will similarly try to keep prices low, Bespalov
said, in an effort to win back cautious buyers.
Representatives for Korean carmaker Kia Motors
and France's Renault, which owns a majority stake in
Russia's top automaker Avtovaz along with its alliance
partner Nissan, said the rouble's improved performance
in 2017 was supporting sales and the market recovery.
"In the long term, the stronger rouble will positively
affect our profitability," a Nissan spokesman said.
Avtovaz's production costs are less exposed to currency
fluctuations than those of foreign carmakers, as the majority of
its car components are produced domestically.
"In the last few months, the situation with the rouble rate
has become more predictable, which has affected the behaviour of
our clients," a Toyota spokeswoman said. "We are seeing a
renewed readiness to buy a car."
(Additional reporting by Andrey Ostroukh; Writing by Jack
Stubbs; Editing by Katya Golubkova and Jane Merriman)