May 12 (Reuters) - Amazon on Wednesday won its fight against an EU order to pay about 250 million euros ($303 million) in back taxes to Luxembourg.
EU Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager has led the EU’s fight against tax deals it sees as potentially unfair.
She said she would examine the Luxembourg-based General Court’s ruling before deciding whether to appeal to Europe’s top court, the EU Court of Justice.
Bolstered by the new U.S. administration’s support for a global minimum corporate tax rate, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is seeking consensus on a global deal on multinational corporation tax.
Below are some of the main EU cases:
* In a separate case on Wednesday French utility Engie lost its appeal against an EU order to pay back taxes of 120 million euros ($145.7 million) to Luxembourg.
* Last year, the General Court threw out Vestager’s order to iPhone maker Apple to pay 13 billion euros ($15 billion) in Irish back taxes. The European Commission appealed in September and awaits a decision.
* In 2019, the General Court rejected Vestager’s order to Starbucks to pay up to 30 million euros in Dutch back taxes and overturned an order demanding Belgium revoke a tax break that benefited 39 multinationals including BP and BASF.
* The EU competition enforcer however found support from the General Court in 2019 for its order to Fiat Chrysler Automobiles to pay back taxes up to 30 million euros to Luxembourg. The carmaker has appealed to the EU Court of Justice, Europe’s highest.
* Also in 2019 it launched an investigation into whether the Netherlands had given unfair tax treatment to Nike . The U.S. sportswear maker took its grievance to the General Court, saying the EU regulator’s preliminary assessment contained legal errors and also took issue with its decision to open a formal investigation instead of continuing the preliminary probe.
* Finnish food and drink packaging company Huhtamaki also found itself the target of an investigation opened in 2019 over three tax rulings issued by Luxembourg.
* The Commission in 2017 opened in in-depth investigation into Dutch tax treatment of InterIKEA, one of the two groups operating the IKEA business. It has not issued a decision on this yet. (Compiled by Foo Yun Chee and Barbara Lewis; editing by Jason Neely)