* Dollar index on pace for best weekly gain in 14 months
* Dollar bears unwind positions helping lift USD (Updates prices, market activity, comments to U.S. market open; previous LONDON)
NEW YORK, June 18 (Reuters) - The dollar extended its advance against a basket of currencies on Friday, building on the gains logged after the U.S. Federal Reserve earlier this week surprised markets by signalling it would raise interest rates and end emergency bond-buying sooner than expected.
The dollar index, which tracks the greenback against six major currencies, was up 0.38% at 92.23, its highest since mid April. That puts the index on pace for a weekly gain of about 2%, its best weekly jump in about 14 months.
The jolt to foreign exchanges was triggered on Wednesday by Fed forecasts, or ‘dot plots,’ showing 13 of the 18-person policy board saw rates rising in 2023, versus only six previously, with the median board member tipping two hikes in 2023.
Investors’ risk appetite took another hit after St. Louis Federal Reserve President James Bullard said on Friday that the U.S. central bank’s shift this week towards a faster tightening of monetary policy was a “natural” response to economic growth and particularly inflation moving quicker than expected as the country reopens from the coronavirus pandemic.
“I think this is a direct echo of the 2013 taper tantrum. You are seeing a perceived shift in the Fed’s reaction function driving investors into the safety of the U.S. dollar,” said Karl Schamotta, chief market strategist at Cambridge Global Payments in Toronto.
With investors pricing in a sooner-than-expected tapering of extraordinary U.S. monetary stimulus, the euro and the yen have come under selling pressure over the last few trading sessions.
“Essentially, the entire world was short the dollar going into this, everyone from speculative traders to corporates to investors,” Schamotta said.
“You are seeing a wholesale unwind here,” he said.
The unwind of sizeable bearish bets against the dollar is expected to provide support for the greenback in coming days, investors said.
With a dovish European Central Bank seemingly far behind the Fed in the monetary policy cycle, traders will be reluctant to buy euros against dollars.
“The U.S. central bank is one step ahead and as a result USD is likely to remain well supported against the EUR,” Commerzbank strategists said in their daily note.
With equity markets hurting, the Australian dollar - seen as a proxy for risk appetite - was down 0.75% at 0.74945, its lowest since December 2020..
Sterling extended its fall against the U.S. dollar on Friday, dropping below $1.39, hurt by the Fed’s hawkish surprise and an unexpected fall in Britain’s retail sales.
In the world of crypto currencies, bitcoin failed to get a lift from the news that Spanish bank BBVA would open a bitcoin trading service to all private banking clients in Switzerland. Bitcoin was down 3.4% at $36,805.3.
Reporting by Julien Ponthus and Tom Westbrook; Editing by Catherine Evans and Andrea Ricci