* Nasdaq, S&P 500 set fresh closing highs
* Equity markets rally in 'Goldilocks' scenario
* U.S. Treasury yield curve flattens to decade low
* Oil gains but capped by OPEC meeting (Adds U.S. market close)
By Herbert Lash
NEW YORK, Nov 21 (Reuters) - Major world equity markets rallied and government bond yields fell on Tuesday as strong corporate profits, steady global growth and low inflation provide scant alternatives for investors outside of stocks.
Equity markets from Asia to Europe to the Americas rose, while the S&P 500 and Nasdaq surged to fresh closing highs, lifted by technology shares. The Dow set a new intra-day high.
In Asia, the main Hang Seng index in Hong Kong and China's H-shares index posted their best day in seven weeks, while stocks in Tokyo also rose.
In Europe, Germany's benchmark DAX index jumped more than 1 percent before paring gains. MSCI's emerging markets index rose 1.44 percent and its gauge of stocks across the globe gained 0.71 percent.
"It's incredible," said Jack Ablin, chief investment officer at BMO Private Bank in Chicago. "Certainly sentiment is pretty strong and it's widespread, both from the business community and consumers. Any economic concerns are pretty much falling by the wayside," he said.
Corporate earnings and expanding growth have propelled the stock rally while investors shrug off political risk. Wall Street trading volumes were low in a week marked by the U.S. Thanksgiving holiday.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 160.5 points, or 0.69 percent, to 23,590.83. The S&P 500 gained 16.89 points, or 0.65 percent, to 2,599.03 and the Nasdaq Composite added 71.76 points, or 1.06 percent, to 6,862.48.
Earlier in Europe, Volkswagen was among Germany's top gainers for a second day, closing up 3.0 percent, after the carmaker raised its mid-term outlook on Monday.
The pan-European FTSEurofirst 300 index closed up 0.45 percent.
Chipmaker Analog Devices Inc's quarterly profit beat analysts' estimates on growth in its industrial segment and automotive business, which has seen sharp demand for sensor chips from electric and self-driving vehicles.
Goldman Sachs raised its earnings estimate for the S&P 500 in 2018 and 2019 based on expectations of U.S. corporate tax reform, above-trend global and U.S. growth and slowly rising interest rates from an historically low base.
Investors are not worried about an unwelcome surprise acceleration of U.S. inflation that could rock a Goldilocks scenario where growth supports earnings and central banks are unlikely to act in a heavy-handed fashion, said Larry Hatheway, chief economist at GAM Investment Management in Zurich.
"There isn't right now in an investor's mind a compelling alternative to holding stocks," Hatheway said.
"We've generally seen stable-to-lower bond yields, so underneath it there does seem to be a very strong faith fundamentally that growth is fine, therefore earnings are fine but inflation is not a risk," he said.
The gap between French and German borrowing costs narrowed to its tightest since before the 2010-2012 euro zone debt crisis, as confidence in the bloc's economic prospects swelled.
The spread on 10-year French and German debt tightened to 15 basis points, a level last seen in August 2009, well before several sovereign debt crises rocked the single currency bloc and global markets.
In the United States, the Treasury yield curve flattened to its lowest in a decade as investors awaited minutes from the Federal Reserve's last meeting, to be released on Wednesday.
Low inflation and global demand for yield has supported longer-dated debt. Benchmark 10-year notes were last up 3/32 in price to yield 2.3595 percent.
The dollar turned broadly lower, moving in line with declining U.S. 10-year Treasury yields.
The dollar index fell 0.12 percent, with the euro up 0.05 percent to $1.1738. The Japanese yen strengthened 0.16 percent versus the greenback at 112.46 per dollar.
Oil rose, supported by expectations of an extension next week of output cuts by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, but prices remained under pressure from signs of higher output in the United States.
Brent crude oil rose 35 cents to settle at $62.57 a barrel. U.S. light crude added 41 cents to settle at $56.83.
U.S. gold futures for December delivery settled up $6.40 at $1,281.70 per ounce.
Reporting by Herbert Lash; Editing by Nick Zieminski