* Fed policymakers expect one more rate hike this year
* Dollar gains vs other major currencies on rate projections
* U.S. 2-yr notes yield hit high since 2008
* Oil prices at highest since April/May on output cut hopes
* European shares seen higher on euro's retreat
By Hideyuki Sano
TOKYO, Sept 21 (Reuters) - The U.S. dollar shone while Asian shares slipped on Thursday after the U.S. Federal Reserve announced a plan to start shrinking its balance sheet and signalled one more rate hike later this year.
European shares are expected to benefit from a fall in the euro against the dollar with spread betters looking at a higher opening of 0.5 percent in Germany's DAX and France's CAC.
Japan's Nikkei gained 0.2 percent as a rise in U.S. bond yields lifted financial shares, while the yen's fall against the dollar after the Fed's decision helped exporters.
The Bank of Japan, as widely expected, left its policy settings unchanged, with markets awaiting a news conference by its governor later in the day.
MSCI's broadest dollar-denominated index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan fell 0.5 percent, with Australian shares among the hardest hit with fall of 0.8 percent.
Major U.S. share indexes recovered quickly from initial losses following the Fed's announcement, with the S&P 500 ending slightly higher, helped in part by gains in financials and energy shares
"While a rate hike is negative, the fact that the Fed's confidence in the economy is strong enough to expect a rate hike can be taken as supportive of market sentiment," said Soichiro Monji, chief strategist at Daiwa SB Investments.
The Fed's view also prompted a rotation from tech shares into financial shares, which benefit from higher interest rates, he added.
"In a way, what the Fed did was not much of a surprise. From now, the markets will be focusing on individual earnings rather than macro themes," said Hisashi Iwama, senior portfolio manager at Asset Management One.
As expected, the Fed said it would begin in October to trim its massive holding of U.S. Treasury bonds and mortgage-backed securities acquired in the years after the 2008 financial crisis.
The Fed signalled it still expects one more interest rate hike by the end of the year, despite a recent bout of low inflation, but ratcheted down its long-term interest rate forecasts.
Fed fund rate futures are now pricing in about a 65 percent chance of a rate hike by December compared to around 50 percent before the latest meeting. Markets expect the Fed move to coincide with revisions of its economic projections.
The yield on two-year U.S. Treasury notes jumped to 1.451 percent, its highest level since November 2008 late on Wednesday. The 10-year U.S. Treasuries yield rose to 2.278 percent, briefly hitting a six-week high of 2.289 percent.
"The markets reacted to the Fed quite straightforwardly, with shorter yields rising more than long-dated bond yields. The bond markets have fairly strong conviction that low inflation and low growth will persist," said Hiroko Iwaki, senior strategist at Mizuho Securities.
In the currency market, the rise in Treasury yields boosted the dollar's attractiveness.
The euro dropped to $1.1883 from above $1.20 just before the Fed's policy announcement.
Likewise the dollar jumped to 112.595 yen, a two-month high, from around 111.30.
Gold also hit a three-week low of $1,296 per ounce.
Oil prices flirted with multi-month highs, despite a rise in U.S. crude inventories, after the Iraqi oil minister said OPEC and its partners were considering extending or deepening output cuts, ahead of the planned meeting between OPEC and non-OPEC nations on Friday.
Brent crude futures rose to a five-month high of $56.48 a barrel on Wednesday and last stood at $56.17, down slightly from late U.S. levels.
U.S. benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures hit a four-month high of $50.79 per barrel and last traded at $50.64, down slightly from the U.S. close on Wednesday.
Reporting by Hideyuki Sano; Editing by Eric Meijer and Kim Coghill