(Adds CAAM statement, FAA statement)
By Joseph Sipalan and David Shepardson
KUALA LUMPUR/WASHINGTON, Nov 11 (Reuters) - The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) on Monday downgraded Malaysia's air safety rating, restricting the country's airlines from adding new flights to the United States.
The FAA's safety rating is based on Malaysia's aviation oversight regime and is an assessment of the country's civil aviation authority. Reuters reported the downgrade earlier on Monday, citing sources. The downgrade does not affect existing flights.
At present, the only Malaysian airline route to the United States is AirAsia X Bhd services from Kuala Lumpur to Honolulu via Osaka, Japan.
The Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia (CAAM) said in a statement it regretted the decision that stemmed from an April 2019 FAA review but asked the U.S. agency to reassesses its operations within the next year.
The FAA said the rating means that CAAM is deficient in one or more areas, "such as technical expertise, trained personnel, record-keeping, and/or inspection procedures."
CAAM said "in carrying out its duties as an aviation regulator, some shortcomings exist. We wish to emphasize that the assessment only covered CAAM's role as an aviation regulator."
CAAM said "plans are already well underway to address the findings of the audit" with the goal of getting its Category One rating restored.
CAAM added that its chief executive submitted his resignation on Nov. 1 and an executive committee is overseeing its operations in the interim.
A U.S. official told Reuters the U.S. government was working with the CAAM and would help the Southeast Asian country achieve international standards that would give it the top Category 1 rating.
Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad said he was not aware of the details of the downgrade.
"If there is anything wrong with our civil aviation authority, we will take measures, we will correct the situation," he told reporters.
The new rating means Malaysian airlines are restricted to current levels of any existing service to the United States. They would also be subject to additional inspections at U.S. airports.
Under Malaysia's Category 2 rating, the FAA will also not allow reciprocal code-sharing arrangements between U.S. carriers and Malaysian airlines.
The downgrade places Malaysia in the same FAA category as neighbor Thailand, which was downgraded to Category 2 in December 2015 and has since tried unsuccessfully to restore its Category 1 rating.
Other countries in Category 2 include Bangladesh, Ghana and Costa Rica. (Reporting by Joseph Sipalan, Liz Lee and A. Ananthalakshmi and David Shepardson in Washington additional reporting by Rozanna Latiff in Kuala Lumpur and Jamie Freed in Sydney; Editing by Louise Heavens, Muralikumar Anantharaman and Jonathan Oatis)