(Adds details from decision, background, case citation)
By Jonathan Stempel
NEW YORK, Aug 6 (Reuters) - A federal appeals court revived former U.S. vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin's defamation lawsuit against the New York Times, over an editorial that she said maliciously linked her to the 2011 mass shooting that seriously wounded Representative Gabrielle Giffords.
In a 3-0 decision on Tuesday, the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Manhattan said the lower court judge who dismissed Palin's complaint erred by first hearing testimony from the Times' editorial page editor.
Circuit Judge John Walker also said Palin had plausibly alleged that the Times defamed her, though she still bore the "high" burden of showing on the merits that the newspaper acted with "actual malice" toward her.
"We are disappointed in the decision and intend to continue to defend the action vigorously," Times spokeswoman Danielle Rhoades Ha said in an email.
Lawyers for Palin did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
Palin, 55, was Republican presidential candidate John McCain's running mate in 2008, and Alaska's governor from 2006 to 2009.
The lawsuit arose from a June 14, 2017 editorial discussing that day's shooting at an Alexandria, Virginia baseball field that injured four people, including Republican Representative Steve Scalise.
That editorial said Palin's political action committee had circulated a map that put Giffords and 19 other Democrats under "stylized crosshairs" before the January 2011 shooting in Arizona by Jared Lee Loughner that wounded the congresswoman, and killed six people.
The Times later corrected the editorial, saying there was no link between "political rhetoric" and the Giffords shooting, and that the map depicted electoral districts, not specific Democratic lawmakers.
In his August 2017 dismissal, U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff said the editorial "included a few factual inaccuracies somewhat pertaining to Mrs. Palin that are very rapidly corrected. Negligence this may be; but defamation of a public figure it plainly is not."
But in Tuesday's decision, Walker said Rakoff had improperly relied on testimony at an unusual evidentiary hearing from James Bennet, the Times' editorial page editor and author of the editorial.
Bennet said he had not intended to blame Palin for the 2011 shooting, or closely reviewed coverage at the Times and The Atlantic, where he had been editor-in-chief, that showed no connection between her and Loughner, but was simply making a point about the political environment.
Walker, however, said Rakoff should have relied solely on the legal papers when deciding whether Palin could establish actual malice, to ensure that he was treating both sides fairly, rather than hear from Bennett first.
"The district court's crediting his testimony impermissibly anchored the district court's own negative view of the plausibility of Palin's allegations," he wrote.
Walker also rejected the Times' view that Palin at most showed that Bennet made an unintended mistake, saying she plausibly alleged that Bennet might have been "reckless" in failing to first reacquaint himself with the Atlantic articles.
The judge also said the Times' decision to swiftly correct the editorial after a social media backlash suggested that readers might have "perceived" the false statements about Palin as based on fact.
The case is Palin v New York Times Co, 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, No. 17-3801. (Reporting by Jonathan Stempel in New York; Editing by Bernadette Baum, Steve Orlofsky and Susan Thomas)