* Futures down: Dow 1.9 pct, S&P 1.32 pct, Nasdaq 1.6 pct
* S&P 500 set to open below its 200-day moving avg
* Boeing tumbles 4 pct; Caterpillar down 3 pct
* Ford, GM, Tesla, Fiat sink 2 pct to 4 pct
* Chipmakers hit, led by AMD's 4 pct decline (Updates prices)
By Sruthi Shankar
April 4 (Reuters) - Big U.S. manufacturers, grain merchants and chipmakers were the early casualties on Wednesday after China and the United States announced tariffs on $50 billion of each others' imports, cementing fears they were moving toward a trade war.
The speed with which the trade spat between Washington and Beijing is ratcheting up – the Chinese government took less than 11 hours to respond with its own measures – led to a sharp sell-off in global stock markets and commodities.
At 8:57 a.m. ET, Dow e-minis were down 459 points, or 1.91 percent. S&P 500 e-minis fell 34.5 points, or 1.32 percent and Nasdaq 100 e-minis declined 103.5 points, or 1.6 percent.
The declines were broad based. All 30 Dow Jones Industrial Average components were lower in premarket trading. About 268 of the S&P 500 components were lower. Only two of the most active U.S. stocks premarket were higher.
"It's tit-for-tat as China retaliates, sending the markets in a tailspin. Today's decline will likely accelerate the pace of testing the indices yearly lows in the coming days," said Peter Cardillo, chief market economist at First Standard Financial in New York.
The stock futures implied the S&P 500 would not only open below its 200-day moving average, a key support level watched by technical analysts, but also challenge its 2018 low from Feb. 9.
China levied 25 percent additional tariffs on U.S. goods earlier in the day. But unlike Washington's list that covers many obscure industrial items, Beijing's covers 106 key U.S. imports including soybeans, planes, cars, and chemicals.
As has been the case since the trade war fears surfaced, industrials were the worst hit. Shares of Boeing, the single largest U.S. exporter to China, tumbled 4.6 percent. Caterpillar fell 3.5 percent.
Automakers Ford, General Motors, Fiat Chrysler and Tesla fell between 2 percent and 4 percent.
Grain merchant Archer Daniels was down 2.8 percent, while Bunge slipped 2.5 percent.
Chipmakers, many of which have the highest revenue exposure to China among S&P 500 companies, also fell. All components of the Philadelphia chipmakers index trading premarket were lower, led by AMD's 4 percent drop.
"As a sector, technology has the most to lose from a world in which global trade is restricted and of course, some of the subjects of the tariffs, will also be hit," said Rick Meckler, president of investment firm LibertyView Capital Management in Jersey City, New Jersey.
Investors headed for safer bets. U.S. 10-year Treasury yield was last down 2.75 basis points at 2.76 percent, while gold prices went up more than 1 percent. (Reporting by Sruthi Shankar in Bengaluru; Editing by Savio D'Souza)