* Reports reveal diesel fume tests involving monkeys
* Chairman says will press for investigation
* Says responsible parties must be held accountable
* German government calls such tests unjustifiable (Adds comments from European Commission, U.S. automakers)
By Jan Schwartz and Edward Taylor
FRANKFURT, Jan 29 (Reuters) - Volkswagen's supervisory board called for an immediate inquiry into who commissioned tests in which monkeys were exposed to toxic diesel fumes, while the German government said such studies were unjustifiable.
"I will do everything possible to ensure that this matter is investigated in detail," Volkswagen supervisory board Chairman Hans Dieter Poetsch said in a statement on Monday.
"Whoever is responsible for this must of course be held accountable," Poetsch said in response to a New York Times report on Friday that German carmakers had used an organisation called European Research Group on Environment and Health in the Transport Sector (EUGT) to commission the tests.
The study, conducted in 2014, was designed to defend diesel following revelations that the fuel's exhaust fumes were carcinogenic, the newspaper reported.
Reuters could not immediately confirm the details and purpose of the study and EUGT, which was dissolved last year, could not be reached for comment.
EUGT received all of its funding from VW and fellow German carmakers Daimler and BMW, the New York Times said.
The European Commission is aware of reports of third-party testing and "we hope that the Minister of the respective country will be able to explain what has happened" at a ministerial air-quality summit that will take place in Brussels on Tuesday, a spokeswoman for the European Commission said.
Representatives of automakers General Motors Co, Ford Motor Co and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV said on Monday they do not test the effects of emissions on humans or animals.
Volkswagen, Daimler and BMW on Saturday denounced the study, the revelation of which is the latest aftershock from the VW emissions-rigging scandal, which continues to rock the auto industry.
Volkswagen has pledged never to test with animals again, Thomas Steg, VW’s chief lobbyist, told German daily Bild in an interview to be published on Tuesday. "We want to absolutely rule out testing on animals for the future so that this doesn't happen again," Bild quoted Steg as saying.
On Monday Volkswagen said that some staff members, whom it did not identify, including some in its legal department, at the VW brand's technical development division and at Volkswagen of America, were aware of the tests at the time.
Volkswagen said the study was never discussed in any management board meetings, after Bild earlier reported that an internal e-mail showed that at least some senior managers were informed about the design of the research.
In a related development, German daily Stuttgarter Zeitung reported on Sunday that EUGT also sponsored scientific experiments testing nitrogen dioxide, a gas found in exhaust fumes, on people.
Aachen University's research hospital confirmed on Monday that EUGT had sponsored a study in 2013 and 2014 but said it was related to workplace safety, not diesel emissions.
As part of the study, 25 people were exposed to varying levels of nitrogen dioxide for three hours to investigate the possible health effects of the chemical compound in concentrations below the limit for workplaces, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen said in a statement.
The German government said on Monday that any auto emissions testing on monkeys or people was unjustifiable.
"These tests on monkeys or even people are in no ethical way justifiable and raise many critical questions about those who are behind the tests," government spokesman Steffen Seibert told a regular government news conference in Berlin.
Stephan Weil, who represents the German state of Lower Saxony, a VW shareholder on the carmaker's supervisory board, said the board was pressing the carmaker to urgently provide information about the aim of the studies.
"After the matter has been cleared up there will also be the question of who was personally responsible," he said at a news conference on Monday. (Writing by Maria Sheahan; Additional reporting by Alissa de Carbonnel in Brussels and Nick Carey in Detroit; Editing by Alexander Smith and Adrian Croft)